A Review of Candle Making History

A Review of Candle Making History

Since born, candles materials has seen a lot of change from animal fat to paraffin wax. Candle kinds is far more richer than before including pillar candle, scented candle, tealight candle,etc. Learn more about candle making here.

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Candles, a daily lighting tool, is mainly made of paraffin. In ancient times, it was usually made from fats, burning and shining. In addition, the uses of candles is also very extensive: birthday party, religious holidays, collective mourning, wedding,etc. In literary and artistic works, candles have the symbolic meaning of sacrifice and dedication.

What Are Candles Made of

The main raw material of the candle is paraffin wax (C25H52). The paraffin wax is obtained by cold pressing or solvent dewaxing from the waxy fraction of petroleum. It is a mixture of several higher alkanes. The added auxiliary materials are white oil, stearic acid, and poly Ethylene, flavor, etc., among which stearic acid (C17H35COOH) is mainly used to improve softness. The specific addition depends on what kind of candle is produced.

Candle Making History

candles.jpgThe beeswax that appeared around the 3rd century BC may be the prototype of the candle seen today. Compared to modern candles, ancient candles have many shortcomings.

At that time, the candle wick was made of cotton, and because it could not be burned out, it must be cut off from time to time with scissors. This is undoubtedly a troublesome thing.

In 1820, the Frenchman Bachsheel invented three wicks made of cotton, which made the wick detach naturally when it burned, and the end just cocked to the outside of the flame, so it could burn completely.

In 1820, the Frenchman Bachsheel invented three wicks made of cotton, which made the wick detach naturally when it burned, and the end just cocked to the outside of the flame, so it could burn completely.

paraffin wax block.jpgHowever, the candle has yet to be further improved. Its materials are generally animal fats with many shortcomings. The solutions was found by Michel Eugene Chevreul. He found hat, the candle made of grease at that time, because of the glycerin inside, would generate smoke when burning, and the smell was also unpleasant. If the additive was stearic acid, the flame was brighter, no smoke and no air pollution.

In 1825, Schaeffler and Gay Lussac received a patent for the production of paraffin wax candles with stearic acid. Later, some people discovered large oil fields in North America, so they can extract a large amount of paraffin wax from petroleum. The ideal candles have been popularized and promoted around the world.Today, people usually choose semi refined paraffin wax or fully refined paraffin wax for quality candles.

Candle Kinds

There are many types of candles which can be divided into daily lighting candles and handicraft candles according to the purpose of use. Lighting candles are relatively white pillar candles. Craft candle can be subdivided into many types: jelly craft candles, scented candles, birthday candles,music candles,etc.

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